To mitigate aflatoxin impacts, the PACA Secretariat works closely with Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and local country stakeholders through a Country Steering Committee to support the preparation, execution, and oversight of government-led, and stakeholder aligned country action plans. The Secretariat’s country activities build on the country planning work already underway. The country plans are being executed through the following four-stage process:
- Stage One: Gather evidence to inform country plan
- Stage Two: Develop, validate and finalize the country plan
- Stage Three: Build government capacity to implement the plan
- Stage Four: Monitor progress and advocate
National Aflatoxin Steering Committees will comprise of a diverse group of 6 to 8 members representing key stakeholders segments (e.g., national government, REC(s), development partners, the private sector, research institutes, NGOs, and PACA Secretariat). The Steering Committee is chaired by the country focal point from a relevant government ministry. The respective REC plays a facilitating role to support the operations of the Country Steering Committee. The Country Steering Committee will work for hand in hand with a local Country Officer funded by the PACA Secretariat.
Since 2014, the PACA Secretariat has been implementing three major activities in six pilot countries (The Gambia, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda) that are complementary to each other and feed into the national plans.
Establish Africa Aflatoxin Information Management System (AfricaAIMS). The AfricaAIMS will serve as a one-stop information portal on aflatoxin in Africa. AfricaAIMS will provide a resource to inform policy and interventions, inform prioritization of resource allocation, and promote country capacity and awareness on the aflatoxin issue. Data on the AfricaAIMS will be “home‐grown” owned by the AU Member States and respective Regional Economic Communities (RECs). In September and October 2014, the PACA Secretariat conducted training sessions for its pilot countries (training materials are available here). The Secretariat will also provide guidance on how other countries can contribute data to AfricaAIMS.
Support Country-led Situation Analysis and Action Planning (C-SAAP). The PACA Secretariat supports pilot countries in conducting country‐led food safety and aflatoxin situation analysis and action planning (C-SAAP). Through C-SAAP, the Secretariat supports countries in creating empirical evidence on existing aflatoxin prevalence, legislation, policy and regulation, management practices and other existing control mechanisms that can effectively inform policy and interventions. PACA makes use of established methodologies to support country-led situation analysis, including a Methodological Framework and Appendix developed by Abt Associates. C-SAAP was completed in Tanzania in 2016 and is being completed in The Gambia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Uganda. In Malawi, the C-SAAP will expand the Malawi Programme for Aflatoxin Control (MAPAC), which represents an initial effort to create a shared vision, prioritize entry points and create mechanisms for effective coordination and collaboration of aflatoxin control.
Republic of Gambia Roundtable Discussions on Support towards the abatement of the health, food and nutrition security, and economic impacts of aflatoxins; Banjul, Gambia; 14-15 August 2014; Meeting Outcome Report and Consensus.
Federal Republic of Nigeria Roundtable Discussions on the launch of a country-level action planning process; Abuja, Nigeria; 8-9 June 2015; Meeting Communique.
Republic of Senegal National Aflatoxin Control Action Plan Validation Workshop; Dakar, Senegal; 28-29 July 2015; Communique.
Mainstream Food Safety and Aflatoxin Control through the PACA initiative in CAADP National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (Mainstream FoodSAC).
United Republic of Tanzania National Aflatoxin Control Action Plan and TAFSIP Mainstreaming Workshop; Arusha, Tanzania; 20-21 May 2015; Communique.
Republic of Uganda Stakeholders Meeting for Reviewing the Aflatoxin Action Plan and Mainstreaming into the DSIP; Kampala, Uganda; 25-26 June 2015; Communique.
Republic of Uganda Business Meeting of stakeholders to agree on the funding strategy and implementation roadmap that will ensure sustainable and predictable funding for implementing the aflatoxin control action plan in the country; Kampala, Uganda, 28-29 July 2016; Press Release.
PACA Secretariat provided an update on economic impacts of aflatoxin in Tanzania, Uganda, and Malawi in February 2016.
Regional Activities and Regional Action Plans
PACA, in collaboration with ECOWAS and COMESA, conducted several regional workshops and other activities. Meeting materials are available by clicking on the workshop title. A regional aflatoxin action plan has been developed in the ECOWAS region. The COMESA region is also developing a regional action plan, which will be posted soon.
Aflatoxin Control Action Plan for ECOWAS Member States 2014-2024
Adopted in November 2015 | Dakar, Senegal
On14-16 November 2015, ECOWAS Experts and Ministers of Agriculture met and approved the ECOWAS Aflatoxin Control Action Plan. Through this regional aflatoxin control plan implementation, ECOWAS aims to improve incomes of farmers and other stakeholders in the various value chains. Using input from participants in several regional workshops and working with experts and leaders from the region, this Action Plan has been developed to guide actions on aflatoxin and control in the ECOWAS region.
Regional Workshop on Revamping the Groundnut Value Chain of West Africa through Aflatoxin Mitigation
01-02 September 2015 | Dakar, Senegal
In most West African countries, groundnut is an important crop used in various forms. It is a basic food and cash crop. Its production, processing, and trade are major sources of employment, income and foreign exchange in many West African countries. Unfortunately, since the 1960s, groundnut production and trade have been declining due to various factors among which the most critical is aflatoxin contamination. It is believed that many countries in the region would unleash their groundnut sector’s potential if they could effectively tackle the aflatoxin menace. To help address the problem faced by West African states and bringing potential solutions, PACA organized a workshop on “Revamping the groundnut value chain of West Africa through aflatoxin mitigation”.
Scoping Study to Assess the Policy Environment and Capacity for Aflatoxin Control in the ECOWAS Member States
18 November 2015
Evidence generation to inform policy is at the heart of PACA's activities. PACA has commissioned studies at the regional level both in the COMESA and ECOWAS region to assess aflatoxin control capacities at the country level. In this study focused on the ECOWAS region, PACA assesses the food safety systems, related policies, and regulations, as well as human and laboratory capacities in aflatoxin control in ECOWAS Member States. The report is available in English and French.
Regional Workshop on the Aflatoxin Challenge in Eastern and Southern Africa
11-13 March 2014 | Lilongwe Malawi
The Regional workshop on The Aflatoxin Challenge in Eastern and Southern Africa brought together over 100 experts in trade, health and agriculture to develop joint action plans. The forum was organized by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the African Union Commission (AUC) – Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA) and other partners, and sought to set regional priorities to mitigate aflatoxin and to develop a regional action plan to enhance intra-regional trade and consumer health.
PACA is currently supporting the development of a regional action plan in the region.
Regional Workshop on the Aflatoxin Challenge in the West African States
18-20 November 2013 | Accra, Ghana
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), in collaboration with the African Union Commission through the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA), the Forum for Agriculture Research in Africa (FARA), the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), and the West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (WECARD/CORAF), convened the Regional Workshop on the Aflatoxin Challenge in West African States. Workshop participants assessed the status of ECOWAS member states’ efforts to develop comprehensive solutions to control aflatoxin and identified regional priorities to be included in an action plan for aflatoxin mitigation in the West African States.