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Diourbel : Tests concluants de la Dpv contre l’aflatoxine

La Direction de la protection des végétaux (Dpv), dans le cadre de son programme d’élimination de l’aflatoxine, s’est réjouie des résultats obtenus au terme de la phase test qui a permis le traitement de 600 hectares dans huit villages aux alentours de Tawfekh.
Une visite de terrain des responsables de ce programme qui a démarré depuis 2010 a permis de se rendre compte de son efficacité. Selon eux, la lutte contre l’aflatoxine se fait à base d’un champignon produit au Sénégal sous la supervision de la Direction de la protection des végétaux (Dpv), avec le soutien de l’Institut international tropical d’Ibadan (IETA, au Nigeria), l’Université d’Arizona (Etats-Unis d'Amérique) et d’autres partenaires américains. Il consiste à utiliser ce champignon pour éliminer l’aflatoxine, cette substance cancérigène qui se trouve dans la graine d'arachide.

Amadou Lamine Senghor, Docteur en phytopathologie à la Direction de la protection des végétaux (Dpv), révèle que « la lutte se fait à partir du champ, après le dernier sarclage. L’épandage est fait dans le champ et le champignon accompagne l’arachide jusqu’au magasin ». Pour le technicien, les résultats sont probants car ils  vont jusqu’à une réduction à 90% du taux d’aflatoxine en analysant les graines qui ne sont pas triées. Et quand on procède au triage, on se retrouve avec 0% de contamination. Un résultat qui, a dit M. Senghor, est important pour la santé des populations qui consomment l’arachide, mais aussi qui va booster sa commercialisation à l’international ».

L’aflatoxine est responsable de certains types de cancer et constituait une barrière pour l’exportation de l’arachide dans certains pays. D’ailleurs, l’infirmier chef de poste de Sessène révèle : « Il y a des cas qui sont détectés dans la zone et qui sont référés au niveau supérieur pour une meilleure prise en charge ». Les producteurs d'arachide de Tawfekh, Sessène et les villages environnants se sont félicités de la réussite du programme. Pour Adama Ngom de Sessène, ce produit leur a apporté beaucoup de bien, car il n’y a plus de « guerté Sabou » et les rendements ont augmentés. Les autorités doivent trouver les voies et moyens de soutenir la production et de l’étendre au reste du pays.

2014: Year of Agriculture and Food Security launched at the AU Summit

During the July 2012 summit of the African Union, Heads of State and Government declared 2014 as the "Year of Agriculture and Food Security in Africa" also marking the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).

On 30 January 2014, the Year of Agriculture and Food Security was launched at the 22nd AU Summit of Heads of State and Governments. The newly elected AU Chairperson, president of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, noted that this comes at an important time for Africa as the AU discusses the African Agenda 2063 that looks  into inclusive growth and sustainable development on the continent. As most African countries rely on agriculture for their livelihoods, the chairperson emphasized, this year will be a great opportunity to focus on the transformation of the agriculture sector for prosperity, growth and sustainable development in Africa. As 2014 also marks the 10th anniversary of CAADP, it is a year where all stakeholders will reflect on the successes and failures of CAADP and be able to map out the targets for the next decade.

The AUC and Meridian Institute renew MOU

The African Union Commission and Meridian Institute, USA, have renewed the Memorandum of Understanding that was originally signed by both parties in September 2012 on the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA) on January 14, 2014. This day did not only mark the renewal of the MoU but also the signing of a grant agreement to the tune of US$ 1.2 million between the two parties to support PACA Secretariat operational and programmatic activities in 2014. The MoU and grant agreement were signed by the Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, Her Excellency Tumusiime Rhoda Peace, on behalf of the AUC, and by Senior Partner of Meridian Institute, Mrs. Barbara Stinson. They both emphasized the importance of this partnership and the continued fight against the aflatoxin problem in Africa.

PACA Partners with Pilot Countries on Three Major Activities

After the successful completion of the PACA Pilot Country Activities Inception Workshop in June 2014, PACA, COMESA and SADC held roundtable discussions in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda, and PACA and ECOWAS held roundtable discussions in The Gambia and Senegal to get input and endorsement from government officials on the implementation of activities. The meetings were attended by representatives of each government, the African Union Commission, the respective Regional Economic Community, and various experts and stakeholders to discuss PACA activities and implementation process in the pilot countries. During the roundtable discussions, the delegates acknowledged the ongoing work in these countries and recommended actions for further strengthening current programs. The representatives agreed on three major initial activities in the five pilot countries and recognized these activities as fully supporting current aflatoxin programs and activities in the countries:

Activity 1: Establish Africa Aflatoxin Information Management System (AfricaAIMS);

Activity 2: Support Country-led Situation Analysis and Action Planning (C-SAAP); and

Activity 3: Mainstream Food Safety and Aflatoxin Control through the PACA initiative in CAADP National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (Mainstream FoodSAC).

PACA Selects Pilot Countries and Conducts Inception Workshop

PACA, working with Regional Economic Communities, selected five pilot countries to roll out aflatoxin control activities using criteria agreed upon during the 10th CAADP Partnership Platform in March 2014. PACA is pleased to announce The Gambia, Malawi, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda as the first set of pilot countries. An Inception Workshop on PACA Pilot Country Activities was held on 10-11 June 2014 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The workshop focused on review and discussion of the planned activities for 2014. At the workshop participants agreed on the methodology and time-line for implementation of activities in the pilot countries. The workshop was attended by food safety authorities, academia and line ministries of all five pilot countries (from the health, trade and agriculture sector) as well as the corresponding Regional Economic Community representatives. During the meeting, member states and Regional Economic Communities recognized the importance of adequate and reliable information on aflatoxins to inform policy and aflatoxin mitigation interventions. The Africa Aflatoxin Information Management System (AfricaAIMS) was therefore welcomed and endorsed. Africa AIMS will generate reliable home-grown data to inform policies in the countries where it is implemented.